The Thoreau Institute at Walden Woods houses the collections of the Ralph Waldo Emerson Society, which include monographs, offprints, maps, and Society business records, as well as handbooks, notes, and other items used by scholars in preparing various editions of writings by Emerson. Included in this collection are donations of the Emerson Collections of scholars Ralph H. Orth and Merton M. Sealts, Jr.
Founded on 29 December 1989, The Ralph Waldo Emerson Society, Inc. is dedicated to fostering scholarship on and appreciation of the life and writings of one of America's greatest authors. The Society, which has about 200 members in eleven countries, publishes the biannual Emerson Society Papers (ESP), featuring original scholarly articles, current book reviews, notes and queries, an annual Emerson bibliography, abstracts of conference papers, reflections on "My Emerson," and announcements of interest to Emersonians. Since 1990, the Emerson Society annually has presented panels in May at the American Literature Association conference and in July at the Thoreau Society's Annual Gathering in Concord, Massachusetts. They also maintain an informative web site with a rich and growing archive of Emersonia and conduct annual award competitions for subventions, research support, community programs, and graduate student presentations.